Finger Lakes Wine Grape Varieties
There are many grape varieties grown in the Finger Lakes and used in the production of wine. Here is a list of most of the varieties used for making Finger Lakes wine.
In general, the European varieties of wine grapes (vitis Vinifera) are considered to be the base of some of the best wines. In many cases they are more susceptible to cold weather damage but in other cases (such as Riesling) they are ideally suited to the Finger Lakes growing season. These are typically created to be quite dry or semi-dry wines.
The native American varieties (vitis Lambrusca) are hardier and better adapted to the NY climate but in most cases their grapey or foxy flavor makes them better suited to grape juice. Several do quite well when mixed with other varieties in the production of wine or champagne (sparkling wine).
The French-American hybrids offer some interesting combinations of wines that are less grapey than the native American varieties but tend to be a little more hardy for the climate in the Finger Lakes.
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